Brain Disease

Medical News Today: All you need to know about dysesthesia

Dysesthesia is when a person experiences a painful, itchy, burning, or restrictive sensation. It is caused by nerve damage and associated mostly with neurological conditions, such as multiple sclerosis (MS). Dysesthesia is a combination of the Ancient Greek words “dys” and “aesthesis” and translates to “abnormal” or “sensation.” (October 16, 2017) Read the full article […]

News-Medical: Study identifies new biomarker for depression in diabetes

A study published in the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatic has identified a biomarker for depression in diabetes. Findings of epidemiological studies have shown an overall 2-fold increased prevalence of depression in patients with type 2 diabetes compared with the general population worldwide. Consequently, identifying biological markers and potential therapeutic targets for depression intervention […]

Neurology Advisor: Parkinsonism diagnosis linked to cognitive deficits

Cognitive deficits are associated with a high risk for the development of incident parkinsonism in patients free from dementia, according to a study published in JAMA Neurology. Investigators analyzed 7386 dementia- and parkinsonism-free patients from the Rotterdam Study to determine whether future cognitive deficits correlated with a heightened risk for neurologic movement disorders commonly experienced […]

Science News for Students: How bugs in your gut might hijack your emotions

New research adds considerable insights into how different types of learning styles are characterized in the brain. Investigators believe the new insights may help with early detection of Alzheimer’s and a variety of other neurological conditions that affect explicit and implicit learning. Investigators explain that learning how to pedal a bike and memorize the rules […]

Medical News Today: Severe epilepsy and circadian rhythm protein linked

Researchers probing the brain tissue of people with severe forms of epilepsy make a surprising breakthrough: a protein involved in circadian rhythms, called CLOCK, may play a role. Epilepsy is a relatively common brain disorder that causes seizures. It affects around 1.2 percent of people in the United States, and to date, it is not […]

Medical Xpress: Scientists researching drugs that could improve brain function in people with schizophrenia

Virginia Commonwealth University researchers are testing if drugs known as HDAC inhibitors improve cognition in patients with schizophrenia who have been treated with the antipsychotic drug clozapine. Clozapine, which has been shown to be the most effective available antipsychotic for hallucinations and delusion treatment, may impair memory and attention, said Ananda Pandurangi, M.D., medical director […]

Newsmax: Midday bright light therapy helps bipolar patients

People with bipolar disorder who were exposed to bright white light at midday experienced a significant decrease in symptoms of depression, found a study conducted at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. Bipolar disorder causes manic episodes of elevated mood, energy and cognition, followed by major depressive episodes of lowered mood, energy and cognition. It […]

Medical Xpress: Treacherous correlation in the brain from smoking

Out with the cigarette pack, put a cigarette in the mouth and light up. That is a well-known action for a smoker and, at the same time, behavior which has a stronger connection to actual drug dependency than was previously believed, research at the Sahlgrenska Academy has revealed. (October 12, 2017) Read the full article […]

New York Times: High blood pressure in midlife tied to later dementia

Women with high blood pressure in their 40s are at increased risk for dementia in later years, researchers report. But the finding does not hold for men. Beginning in 1964, investigators collected health and lifestyle information on 5,646 men and women when they were 30 to 35 years old, and again when they were in […]

Science Daily: Brain chemical abnormalities in earliest stage of psychosis identified

A new study of young people experiencing a first episode of psychosis reports elevations in the brain chemicals glutamate and glycine. Published in Biological Psychiatry, the study led by Dr. Dost Öngür of Harvard Medical School provides the first ever measurement of glycine levels in patients with psychotic disorders. (October 11, 2017) Read the full […]