Brain Disease

The Health Site: How Mental Illness Affects Neurons in Your Brain

A new study of stem cells has revealed how a genetic variation linked to schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and severe depression affects connections among neurons in the developing brain. According to the study led by Guo-li Ming and Hongjun Song of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, using stem cells generated from people with and […]

New Scientist: Hints of Epigenetic Role in Alzheimer’s Disease

Pioneering studies of post-mortem brain tissues have yielded the first evidence of a potential association between Alzheimer’s disease and the epigenetic alteration of gene function. The researchers stress, however, that more research is needed to find out if the changes play a causal role in the disease or occur as a result of it. We […]

Medical News Today: DNA Methylation in Brain ‘Linked to Alzheimer’s Disease’

DNA methylation – the biochemical alteration of the building blocks of DNA – can indicate whether DNA is biologically active within a region of the human genome. Now, researchers at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, MA, and Rush University Medical Center in Chicago, IL, have demonstrated how DNA methylation in the brain is implicated […]

Liberty Voice: Ugliness Perception Is a Mental Illness for Some Brain Scans Suggest

A recent study used brain scans to show how some people’s perception of how ugly they are may actually be a mental illness characterized by abnormalities in specific regions of the brain. Researchers at Swinburne University of Technology have been looking into the structures that underlie body dysmorphic disorder, and the results were published in last […]

Red Orbit: UT Arlington Research Team’s Work Could Lead To Earlier Diagnosis, Treatment Of Mental Diseases

A computer science and engineering associate professor and her doctoral student graduate are using a genetic computer network inference model that eventually could predict whether a person will suffer from bipolar disorder, schizophrenia or another mental illness. The findings are detailed in the paper “Inference of SNP-Gene Regulatory Networks by Integrating Gene Expressions and Genetic […]

MedScape: Depression, MCI Combo Dramatically Accelerates Brain Aging

Older adults with both depression and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) may have brain biomarkers signifying an increased risk for accelerated brain aging, which could then lead to the development of dementia, new research suggests. The study, which included 80 patients older than 64 years with depression, showed that those who also had MCI versus those […]

Medical Xpress: Promising New Treatments for Multiple Sclerosis

New treatments for multiple sclerosis (MS) using common anti-psychotic agents have been discovered by Victoria University of Wellington researchers. The study led by Dr. Anne La Flamme, an associate professor in the School of Biological Sciences and head of the MS research program at the Malaghan Institute of Medical Research, based at Victoria, shows the […]

Scientific American: Disorganized Brain Cells Help Explain Autism Symptoms

During the second and third trimester of pregnancy, the outer layer of the embryo’s brain, the cortex, assembles itself into six distinct layers. But in autism, according to new research, this organization goes awry—marring parts of the brain associated with the abilities often impaired in the disorder, such as social skills and language development. Eric […]

Science Daily: Decline in Daily Functioning Related to Decreased Brain Activity in Alzheimer’s

Decline in daily functioning associated with Alzheimer’s disease is related to alterations in activity in certain regions of the brain, according to a study published in the August 2014 issue of the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease. Impairment in instrumental activities of daily living — or an inability to perform high-level daily activities such as calculating […]