Brain Disease

Medical Xpress: Researchers Publish First Study of Brain Activation in MS Using fNIRS

Using functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), Kessler Foundation researchers have shown differential brain activation patterns between people with multiple sclerosis (MS) and healthy controls. This is the first MS study in which brain activation was studied using fNIRS while participants performed a cognitive task. Researchers compared 13 individuals with MS with 12 controls for their […]

Medical Xpress: Marijuana Compound May Offer Treatment for Alzheimer’s Disease

Extremely low levels of the compound in marijuana known as delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, may slow or halt the progression of Alzheimer’s disease, a recent study from neuroscientists at the University of South Florida shows. Findings from the experiments, using a cellular model of Alzheimer’s disease, were reported online in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease. Researchers […]

Health Day: Study: Young Adults Who Had Depression Have ‘Hyper-Connected’ Brain Networks

Young adults who struggled with depression in adolescence appear to have “hyper-connected” networks in their brain, researchers are reporting. The findings might improve understanding of depression and could lead to new ways to predict, prevent and treat the illness, according to the University of Illinois at Chicago researchers. The researchers conducted brain scans on 30 […]

Medwire News: Aberrant Reward Processing Likely to Precede Bipolar Symptom Onset

Healthy children who have a parent with bipolar disorder show altered brain activation during reward processing, research shows. Compared with children with no Axis I psychiatric disorders among their first- or second-degree relatives, children of bipolar patients had altered function in the pregenual cingulate when anticipating a reward and in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) when […]

Medical News Today: How Can a Wii Balance Board Change the Brains of MS Patients?

Multiple sclerosis is a disease of the central nervous system characterized by muscle weakness, causing coordination and balance problems. But a new study suggests a balance board accessory for the Nintendo Wii could help people with the disease reduce their risk of accidental fall. The study, published in the journal Radiology, revealed that magnetic resonance […]

Puget Sound Business Journal: Can Running Cure Depression? Seattle Children’s Brain Research Finds Exercise Can Help Patients

Researchers at Seattle Children’s Research Institute have pinpointed a tiny area of the brain that controls our motivation to get off the couch and exercise, offering a potential breakthrough that could help doctors better treat depression in patients. Eric Turner, a researcher at Seattle Children’s Research Institute’s Center for Integrative Brain Research, along with Dr. […]

MedScape: ADHD Not a Learning Disability?

A novel approach to evaluating the neural processes of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) reveals that, contrary to convention, the condition does not necessarily represent a learning impairment as much as it does a decision-making impairment. “Individuals with ADHD cannot be characterized by an impaired learning rate per se, in contrast to what has been […]

NPR: People With Down Syndrome Are Pioneers in Alzheimer’s Research

Alzheimer’s researchers are increasingly interested in people like McCowan because “people with Down syndrome represent the world’s largest population of individuals predisposed to getting Alzheimer’s disease,” says Michael Rafii, director of the Memory Disorders Clinic at UCSD. Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that’s best known for causing intellectual disability. But it also causes Alzheimer’s. […]

News Medical: Persons With MS May Be Able to Improve Self-Awareness Via Task-Oriented Cognitive Rehabilitation

A new study of self-awareness by Kessler Foundation researchers shows that persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) may be able to improve their self-awareness through task-oriented cognitive rehabilitation. The study was e-published ahead of print on July 2 in NeuroRehabilitation. Self-awareness is one’s ability to recognize cognitive problems caused by brain injury. This is the first […]