Brain Disease

Medical News Today: Pupillary reflex may predict autism

A new study suggests that the pupillary light reflex — or how the eye’s pupil responds to light — in infants might be an early sign of autism. Autism now affects about 1 in 59 children in the United States, which represents a significant increase from 6 years ago. Since autism can be quite difficult […]

New Atlas: How cholesterol in the brain may accelerate the onset of Alzheimer’s disease

A landmark study has revealed that cholesterol in the brain may play a fundamental role in catalyzing the formation of amyloid beta clusters, thought to be a central mechanism leading to the devastating degenerative symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. An international team of researchers, led by the University of Cambridge, set out to uncover what causes […]

Medical News Today: How does alcohol affect your sleep?

A new study assesses the effect of alcohol consumption on the restorative quality of sleep. The findings might make you want to change your drinking — and implicitly, your sleeping — habits. The negative health consequences of alcohol are numerous. From more alarming outcomes such as cancer to more “cosmetic” inconveniences such as premature signs […]

U.S. News & World Report: Injured kids can have lasting mental scars, too

If your child lands in the hospital with an accidental injury, new research suggests you should watch for signs they may be struggling with what happened to them. Investigators found that among children treated for serious injuries at one pediatric hospital, the odds of being diagnosed with a mental health condition rose by 63 percent […]

Medscape: Dietary salt – not just hypertension – may affect brain

High salt intake may have a dramatic impact on memory and cognitive functioning, independent of its effect on blood pressure, according to an animal study published in Nature Neuroscience. After only a few weeks, mice fed a sodium-rich diet experienced significantly reduced blood flow to regions of the brain associated with learning and memory. The […]

Science Daily: The brain’s ‘rising stars’: New options against Alzheimer’s?

A new study points to a novel potential approach against Alzheimer’s disease. In studies in mice, the researchers were able to show that blocking a particular receptor located on astrocytes normalized brain function and improved memory performance. Astrocytes are star-shaped, non-neuronal cells involved in the regulation of brain activity and blood flow. (May 3, 2018) […]

Chicago Sun Times: Anxiety among tweens, teens a complicated issue and growing concern

Anxiety disorders are on the rise among tweens and teens as social media, academic pressures, perfectionistic standards and sexual identity issues become more complicated and stress-filled, experts say. True anxiety disorders — such as when a young person is terrified of going to school, experiences panic-induced shortness of breath, or fears that he will choke […]