Brain Disease

Medical News Today: Atrial fibrillation increases the risk of dementia

In a new study paper published yesterday in the journal Neurology, researchers at the Karolinska Institute and Stockholm University, which are in Sweden, explain that atrial fibrillation (A-fib) is linked with an increased risk of developing dementia. In A-fib, the heart’s atria — or the chambers that receive blood and then send it to the […]

Science Daily: Link between childhood adversity, burnout and depression

A study on childhood adversity at The University of Texas at El Paso School of Nursing found that undergraduate nursing students who were exposed to a higher number of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) — such as abuse, neglect or family dysfunction — encountered higher levels of burnout and depression. ACEs can have negative, lasting effects […]

Medical Xpress: Cells in ‘little brain’ have distinctive metabolic needs

Cells’ metabolic needs are not uniform across the brain, researchers have learned. “Knocking out” an enzyme that regulates mitochondria, cells’ miniature power plants, specifically blocks the development of the mouse cerebellum more than the rest of the brain. The results are scheduled for publication in Science Advances. (October 10, 2018) Read the full article here

Medical News Today: Why depression, trauma can make you age faster

A new study has found that people living with major depressive disorder are biologically older than people without depression, and that childhood trauma exacerbates this effect. The results illuminate the epigenetic mechanisms that might explain this discrepancy. Major depression is one of the most common mental health problems in the United States. (October 9, 2018) […]

Healthline: Could brain fluid provide an earlier diagnosis of autism?

Children with learning or developmental disorders, such as autism, who receive a diagnosis earlier have a better chance of getting the resources and personalized education to help them succeed. However, the disorder can present in subjective ways, so an objective measurement could help diagnose children even younger. (October 8, 2018) Read the full article here

Medical Xpress: Scientists create new map of brain region linked to Alzheimer’s disease

Curing some of the most vexing diseases first requires navigating the world’s most complex structure—the human brain. So, USC scientists have created the most detailed atlas yet of the brain’s memory bank. Cartographers of the cranium, a USC research team has illustrated the internal circuitry of the hippocampus in detail that would make the great […]

Newsmax: What brain abnormalities are associated with schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia, a chronic and severe mental disorder, has devastating effects on people, causing thoughts and behaviors that appear out of touch with reality and interfering with a person’s ability to function in life. While a precise cause hasn’t been pinned down, researchers have noted brain abnormalities associated with this disorder. (October 8, 2018) Read the […]

Healthline: Mediterranean diet may lower your risk for depression

It seems you can’t go anywhere in the healthcare system these days without being urged to adopt a Mediterranean diet. That’s the plan that emphasizes eating primarily plant-based foods, such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts. It also replaces butter with healthy fats such as olive oil and canola, as well as […]

New York Times: How to help a child with an anxiety disorder

Anxiety disorders, the most common mental health problems in children and adolescents, often go untreated while children suffer, even though there are effective treatments available, according to a new report on anxiety in children and adolescents from the Child Mind Institute in New York. Anxiety may be missed because it doesn’t necessarily declare itself with […]

Medical Xpress: Periodontal disease bacteria may kick-start Alzheimer’s

Long-term exposure to periodontal disease bacteria causes inflammation and degeneration of brain neurons in mice that is similar to the effects of Alzheimer’s disease in humans, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago. The findings, which are published in PLOS ONE, suggest that periodontal disease, a common but […]