Brain Research

Science Daily: Different brain areas linked to smoking and drinking

Academics have found that low functional connectivity of the lateral orbitofrontal cortex that is associated with the tendency to smoke is associated with increased impulsiveness — which may contribute to the tendency to smoke. The high connectivity of the reward-related medial orbitofrontal cortex in drinkers may increase the tendency to be attracted to the reward […]

News-Medical: Biomarkers identified that could predict the risk of stroke

Researchers have successfully developed two biomarkers that could help predict the risk of a heart condition and stroke. The study titled, “Data-driven discovery and validation of circulating blood-based biomarkers associated with prevalent atrial fibrillation,” was published in the latest issue of the European Heart Journal. (January 7, 2019) Read the full article here

Medical Xpress: Anxiety-depressive disorder changes brain genes activity

Russian neuroscientists discovered that anxiety-depressive disorder in mice is associated with impaired energy metabolism in the brain. The obtained data provides a fresh look at depression development and other psycho-emotional conditions. The results of the study are published in the BMC Neuroscience. (January 8, 2019) Read the full article here

New Atlas: Exercise-induced hormone may protect against Alzheimer’s and dementia

A new study has revealed a compelling association between a hormone released during exercise and the prevention of neurodegeneration seen in conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease. The research in mice suggests the exercise-induced hormone irisin may improve brain plasticity and memory, helping explain how exercise confers beneficial effects on brain health. (January 7, 2019) Read […]

Scope: Brain scans offer clue to drug relapse risk, study finds

Until now, it’s been difficult for clinicians to determine which patients are most likely to relapse after treatment for drug addiction. But that could change, if preliminary results from new Stanford research hold up. In a study of 36 people receiving treatment for stimulant use disorders (like cocaine and amphetamines), psychologists were able to correctly […]

Science Daily: Human brain allocates attention based on known size of objects

A stop sign at an intersection appears to be larger than a parked car across the street. Is our brain playing tricks on us? Researchers have gained important insights into how the human brain processes information and allocates attention. Their study shows people pay attention to objects based on their real-world size, rather than how […]

TIME: These are the best ways to improve your memory

All day every day, your brain is bombarded with new information. Confronted with this tsunami of sensory and cerebral input, it’s no wonder much of it slips through your memory’s grasp. But if you feel like you’re forgetting more than you should—or if you just want to pump up your retention and recall—there are some […]

Newsmax: Job woes can increase risk of heart attack, stroke

Losing a job or taking a big pay cut is hard on more than just your checkbook — it might drastically increase your risk of heart attack, stroke, heart failure or death. A new study finds that people who endure large swings in income over the years are much more likely to develop heart disease […]

Medical Xpress: Three studies show gains being made in using AI to create speech from brainwaves

Three teams working independently have uploaded papers to the bioRxiv preprint server outlining their research involving attempting to use neural network-based AI systems to translate brainwaves into decipherable speech. The first, by a team with members from Columbia University and Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, focused on recordings made using brain electrode implants with epilepsy […]