Brain Research

University Herald: Anti-depressant Medication May Be Able to Fight Aggressive Brain Tumor

Researchers at the Cancer and Blood Diseases Institute (CBDI) at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center have identified a novel molecular pathway that causes an aggressive form of medulloblastoma, a highly malignant primary brain tumor. “Although current treatments improve survival rates, patients suffer severe side effects and relapse tumors carry mutations that resist treatment,” Q. Richard […]

News Medical: Persons With MS May Be Able to Improve Self-Awareness Via Task-Oriented Cognitive Rehabilitation

A new study of self-awareness by Kessler Foundation researchers shows that persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) may be able to improve their self-awareness through task-oriented cognitive rehabilitation. The study was e-published ahead of print on July 2 in NeuroRehabilitation. Self-awareness is one’s ability to recognize cognitive problems caused by brain injury. This is the first […]

Medical Xpress: Retinal Thinning Can Be Used As an Early Marker for Frontotemporal Dementia

Researchers at the Gladstone Institutes and University of California, San Francisco have shown that a loss of cells in the retina is one of the earliest signs of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) in people with a genetic risk for the disorder—even before any changes appear in their behavior. Published today in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, […]

New York Times: Study Finds That Brains With Autism Fail to Trim Synapses as They Develop

As a baby’s brain develops, there is an explosion of synapses, the connections that allow neurons to send and receive signals. But during childhood and adolescence, the brain needs to start pruning those synapses, limiting their number so different brain areas can develop specific functions and are not overloaded with stimuli. Now a new study […]

NY Daily News: Colds May Temporarily Increase Stroke Risk in Children: Study

Parents, watch out: your child’s cold may temporarily up his or her risk of having a stroke as a kid. Kids who had been to the doctor for a minor infection like a cold were 12 times more likely have a pediatric stroke than kids who hadn’t. But the risk of childhood stroke remains very […]

USA Today: NCAA: Leading on Head Injuries Safety

Since its inception, the NCAA has been committed to student-athlete health and safety. More than 100 years later, our commitment to protecting student-athletes is as strong as it has ever been. The NCAA has partnered with the Department of Defense on a landmark $30 million initiative, including the most comprehensive study of concussion and head […]

Medwire News: Fitness-Related Traits in Bipolar Disorder Relatives May Explain Disease Persistence

Unaffected twins of patients with bipolar disorder show enhanced neurocognitive function and positive temperament traits, research shows. These enhanced fitness-related traits may explain the persistence of the illness in the general population, say Tyrone Cannon (Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA) and colleagues. Writing in TheAmerican Journal of Psychiatry, the researchers explain that the persistence […]

Miami Herald: Sleep Disorders May Be Behind a Child’s Lack of Concentration

With any malady, the symptoms that arise can lead medical professionals down paths to a range of unsound conclusions. Pediatric sleep disorders are no exception, and according to local experts, children who suffer from them are often misdiagnosed. Symptoms of sleep disorders are indistinguishable from a number of more prevalent health concerns that parents and […]

PR Newswire: “Deep Sequencing” Picks Up Hidden Causes of Brain Disorders

Not every cell in the body is the same genetically, and disease-causing mutations don’t necessarily affect every cell—making these mutations easy to miss even with next-generation genomic sequencing. A study from Boston Children’s Hospital used a “deep sequencing” technique and was able to identify subtle somatic mutations—those affecting just a percentage of cells—in patients with […]

MedScape: Moral Judgment in Frontal Lobe Lesions

Social cognition is thought to be impaired in patients with prefrontal vascular lesions and in those with the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia, according to several clinical reports. Although both conditions are also thought to be associated with impairment of moral reasoning, little research has directly compared moral reasoning in these 2 groups of patients. […]