Science Daily: Machine-learning system processes sounds like humans do

Using a machine-learning system known as a deep neural network, researchers have created the first model that can replicate human performance on auditory tasks such as identifying a musical genre. This type of model can shed light on how the human brain may be performing the same tasks. (April 19, 2018) Read the full article […]

Parade: 5 doctor-recommended steps to prevent stroke

If you’ve ever worried that your family history suggests a stroke is in your future, there’s good news: “Genetics do play a role, but less than most people might imagine,” says Daniel Labovitz, M.D., director of the Stern Stroke Center at the New York-based Montefiore Medical Center. “Family history of stroke is only a mild […]

BBC News: Scientists discover mechanism behind motor neurone disease

Scientists say they have made a breakthrough in understanding the cause of both motor neurone disease and a rare form of dementia. They have discovered that a protein called FUS causes brain cells to die in both conditions. The researchers, from Cambridge and Toronto, said they were cautiously optimistic their findings could one day to […]

Reuters: Losing a spouse late in life linked to cognitive decline

Older adults who lose a spouse may be more vulnerable to cognitive decline in subsequent years and require extra support and monitoring, researchers say. In the study of nearly 7,000 middle aged and older men and women, cognitive functioning declined over time for everyone, but it degraded slightly more and slightly faster for those who […]

Scientific American: Some mutations tied to autism may be passed down from fathers

Some children with autism carry rare mutations in DNA segments that flank genes and control their expression—and they tend to inherit these mutations from their unaffected fathers, according to a study published today in Science. The finding is unexpected because most studies implicate mutations inherited from mothers in autism risk. For this reason, some experts […]

OUP Blog: What can brain research offer people who stutter?

There’s something compelling about watching a person who stutters find a way to experience fluent speech. British TV viewers witnessed such a moment on Educating Yorkshire, back in 2013. When teenager Musharaf Asghar listened to music through headphones during preparations for a speaking exam, he found that his words began to flow. Singers, like Mark […]

Medical Xpress: Research reveals stronger people have healthier brains

A study of nearly half a million people has revealed that muscular strength, measured by handgrip, is an indication of how healthy our brains are. Dr. Joseph Firth, an Honorary Research Fellow at The University of Manchester and Research Fellow at NICM Health Research Institute at Western Sydney University, crunched the numbers using UK Biobank […]

U.S. News & World Report: As younger men’s smoking rises, so does their stroke risk

Men under 50 who smoke cigarettes are increasing their risk for a stroke, researchers warn. And the more they smoke, the greater their stroke risk, reported the University of Maryland investigators. The bottom line: quit. But if you can’t, smoking fewer cigarettes may help reduce your risk, the researchers said. (April 19, 2018) Read the […]

News-Medical: Functional connectivity MRI could help detect brain disorders and diseases

There are no laboratory tests to diagnose migraines, depression, bipolar disorder and many other ailments of the brain. Doctors typically gauge such illnesses based on self-reported symptoms and behavior. Now, a new study shows that a kind of brain scan called functional connectivity MRI (fcMRI) – which shows how brain regions interact – can reliably […]